What is Ayurveda?
The original science of health is as old as the human race. It is a holistic Bhartyia (Indian) system of medicine that uses a constitutional model. It works to provide a flexible guidance to attain a state of positive health of body,mind and soul. Its treatment and techniques are also flexible for people with health challenges.
Ayurved is derived from two Sanskrit root words: ‘Ayu’, which means Life,and Veda, which means the Knowledge. Thus Ayurved refers to the Science of life.
Derived from its ancient Sanskrit roots – ‘ayus‘ (life) and ‘ved‘ (knowledge) – and offering a rich, comprehensive outlook to a healthy life, Ayurved is the oldest surviving complete medical system in the world and its origins go back 1000s of years. To when it was expounded and practiced by the same spiritualRishis (sages, seer of truth or saints), who laid the foundations of the Vediccivilization in India, by organizing the fundamentals of life into proper systems. From age to age, sages and physicians have rediscovered this timeless health wisdom.
Fine blend of Science, Religion & Philosophy: Ayurved is a fine blend ofScience, Religion & Philosophy as well. We use the word religion to denote philosophical perceptions and discipline in conduct through which, the doors of perception open to all aspects of life. Through its scientific approach to human life, Ayurved works to harness the intricate abilities of human body and mind. With its philosophical approach to human life, Ayurved preaches us to recognize ourselves as miniscule component of this magnificent universe.
The basic premise of Ayurveda is that the entire cosmos or universe is part of one singular absolute. Everything that exists in the vast external universe (macrocosm), also appears in the internal cosmos of the human body (microcosm). The human body consisting of 50-100 million cells, when healthy, is in harmony, self-perpetuating and self-correcting just as the universe is. The ancient Ayurveda text, Charka, says, “Man is the epitome of the universe. Within man, there is as much diversity as in the world outside. Similarly, the outside world is as diverse as human beings themselves.” In other words, all human beings are a living microcosm of the universe and the universe is a living macrocosm of the human beings.
The physiological and pharmacological concepts of Ayurved are structured in “whole- some ness”. Therefore, the Ayurvedic description of “human body” and the “drugs” are dealt from a holistic plane. Even their “interface” is identified from a holistic perspective.
Ayurveda and Health
The Ayurvedic definition of health goes far beyond “absence of disease.” According to Ayurveda, health is that state where mind, body, spirit, emotions and senses are all in perfect balance—the way nature designed them to be. In our high-stress, sleep-deprived, eat-on-the-go, get-it-all-done-yesterday world, having our systems go out of balance is easy. Eventually, imbalances manifest as disease. Popping pills is at best a quick fix for the symptoms. Plus, many modern drugs come with unwanted and often dangerous side effects.
Tridoshas and Trigunas play a vital role in man’s health. It depend whether he isSatwik, Rajsik, Tamsik. Ayurveda therefore is not simply a health care system but a form of lifestyle adopted to maintain perfect balance and harmony within the human existence, from the most abstract transcendental values to the most concrete physiological expressions. Based on the premise that life represents an intelligent co-ordination of the Atma (Soul), Mana (Mind),Indriya (Senses) and Sharira (Body) that revolves around the five dense elements that go into the making of the constitution of each individual, calledPrakriti, which in turn does the vital balance of the three physical energies – Vata, Pitta, Kapha and the three mental energies – Satwa, Rajas, Tamas, determine.
Ayurveda maintains that balance is the key to health.Rather than repressing symptoms, Ayurveda advocates correcting the underlying imbalance in the physiology for a real solution: much like watering the roots of the plant to obtain healthy growth above the soil. For example, according to Ayurveda, allergic reactions generally stem from an impairment of the body’s natural ability to filter out allergens such as pollen and dust due to poor digestion and a build up of toxins within the body. Ayurvedic modalities to correct this imbalance would therefore focus on enhancing the digestion and flushing the toxins out of the body.
Ayurveda doesn’t promise instant results. Its approach is gentle and holistic, with not just healing herbs but diet, daily and seasonal routines, and behaviors playing important roles in restoring balance. And Ayurveda places the responsibility for your well-being squarely where it belongs—with you. But if you make that commitment to yourself, Ayurveda offers rich, cumulative benefits that can help you enjoy a long, healthy, blissful life.
Ayurveda has an armory of physical treatments from medication to massage, yoga, cleansing and detoxification programmes, and remedies for such disorders as infertility, impotence, arthritis, hypertension, gastro-intestinal problems, chronic illness and infectious diseases. It offers natural, herbal remedies, which counteract imbalances in the body and can successfully treat most health problems encountered in the West today. Following the Ayurvedic lifestyle can reduce the risk of contracting the disease. It also offers counseling for a range of conditions, advocates meditation and has recommendations for harmonious living and good relationships.
According to Ayurveda, every human being is a creation of the universe. The pure cosmic consciousness, as two energies: male energy, called Purush and female energy, Prakriti. Purush is choice less passive awareness, while Prakriti is choice full active consciousness.